A comparative case study of subglacial bedforms in northern Lithuania and south-eastern Iceland

Valentinas Baltrūnas, Richard I. Waller, Vaidotas Kazakauskas, Stasys Paškauskas, Valentas Katinas

 

Abstract

This paper aims to compare the dynamics of the subglacial environment as determined by an analysis of the structure and sedimentology of both Pleistocene and modern glacial deposits. Investigations focused on subglacial sediments in areas of streamlined relief in northern Lithuania (Ruopiškiai megascale subglacial lineations - MSGL) and south-eastern Iceland (drumlinised terrain exposed by the recent retreat of Skeiðarárjökull glacier). Sedimentological analyses involved granulometry, till macrofabrics, and the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) of micro-clasts. Comparative investigations of subglacial bedforms exposed at Ruopiškiai and Skeiðarárjökull highlighted differences in their formation and post-genetic transformation. In both cases, their initiation was associated with ice advance and subglacial sediment deformation. However, subsequent dynamics were different.

Keywords:  subglacial environment, drumlin, till, magnetic susceptibility

DOI: 10.5200/baltica.2014.27.18

Full text