A synopsis of Ranunculaceae in Indian subcontinent: species distribution and endemism [Indostano pusiasalio vėdryninių šeimos (Ranunculaceae) apžvalga: rūšių paplitimas ir endemizmas]. – Botanica Lithuanica, 12(4): 207–222

A brief account of distribution, phytoendemism and possible fossil ancestry of the members of the family Ranunculaceae is presented. Basing on observations of species distribution in natural habitats, studies of the herbarium specimens and published literature data on taxonomy, phytogeography, and economic botany, the checklist of Ranunculaceae occurring in Indian subcontinent has been prepared. The threats and phytoendemism are determined through field observations, reviewing the trade and use pattern, utilization, consulting the regional floristic works and through correspondence with different conservation agencies at national and international level. Evaluation of the present status of Ranunculaceae phytoendemism has also been made and compared with the previous works. In Indian subcontinent (comprising Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and India) this family is moderately represented (49.31 % of the total taxa). The present paper deals with distribution, phytoendemism, possible fossil ancestry, potential threat to existing taxa and monitoring of species dynamics of Ranunculaceae in Indian subcontinent.

Keywords: Ranunculaceae, Indian subcontinent, distribution, phytoendemism, endemism, threats, fossil ancestry.