Micromycetes affecting nuts, maize and barley used for food and animal feed [Mikromicetai pažeidžiantys maistui ir pašarams skirtus riešutus, kukurūzus ir miežius]. – Botanica Lithuanica, 5(2): 165–170

The investigations revealed that the important pea-nuts, maize corn for animal feed and barley malt were intensely contaminated with propagules of various species of microorganisms. Some of the isolated and identified micromycetes species possessed the ability to synthesize actively toxic materials and release them into the surrounding. The following species can be regarded as potential destroyers of food and animal feed and producers of toxins: Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger, A. terreus, Penicillium expansum, P. spinulosm, P. viridicatum, P. palitans, Eurotium amstelodami, Rhizopus stolonifer. Due to these toxins grain loses its worth and cannot be used for food or animal feed. The building here the grain is stored and processed must be clean, ell ventilated, periodically inspected and disinfected.

Keywords: fungi, contamination, food, animal feed, toxins.